Geocentrism/Flat Earth Part 1: What The Bible Says…

February 25, 2023

Most of us learned astronomy in the 7th and 8th grades in Junior High School.  But, why then?  When I look back, I now know the answer to that question.  Think about it, we were told a bunch of huge numbers with regard to the rotation of the earth and distance to the sun and the moon; that we weren’t alone in the universe and that we were just one of many universes.   At that time, you, like me, probably just memorized that information in order to pass the tests and go on to the next thing, without giving the subject a second thought.

Until now.  Now, I’m in my fifties and by the grace of YAHWEH, I can still think critically.  So, if we are in a moving car with the windows open and the wind blows through our hair and the car, both move automatically.  But, IF we are standing still, and a wind of thousands of miles per hour due to the rotation of the earth doesn’t knock us over and sends us across the world, then why?  Really?  That’s why we were indoctrinated at such a young age, so that we wouldn’t even question the narrative, let alone what we were taught.

However, as a Christian, I want you to keep an open mind and think about this:  The Genesis narrative, as well as many of the other books of the Bible, state that the earth is established and unmovable, and that YAHWEH established a Geocentric Universe which makes us special!  All of this is the opposite of the Jesuit Counter-Reformation Heliocentric Universe theory, in which the sun is the center of the universe, and that we are not special in any way, shape, or form.

So, which one is true:  YAHWEH’S Geocentric Universe OR the Jesuit Counter-Reformation Heliocentric Universe?

But, before we start, please remember what Proverbs 18:13 says:  He who answereth a matter before he heareth it, exposeth his folly and incurreth contempt.

According to Charles Johnson, The whole point of the Copernican theory is to get rid of Jesus by saying that there is no up and no down, the spinning ball thing just makes the whole Bible a big joke.  Well, let us find out what the Bible has to say about this subject…

I will be using the Greek Old and New Testament Bible, an Aramaic Bible, a Hebrew Bible, and two English Bibles.  All of the Scriptures are taken from Charles Thomson’s The Greek Septuagint Bible of the Old Testament (CTS)[1], Charles Thomson’s New Testament Translated from the Greek (CTNT)[2], The Holy Bible from the Ancient Eastern Text – George Lamsa’s Translation from the Aramaic of the Peshitta (ARAMAIC)[3], The Cepher, which is a Hebrew Bible (CEPHER)[4], The King James Version (KJV)[5], and The New American Standard Version (NASB)[6], and the Scriptures below are arranged by topics, with the Book of Job being placed before Genesis, as most scholars believe it to be the oldest book of the Bible.  This is by no means an exhaustive list of Scripture.

SCRIPTURES CONCERNING THE NATURE OF THE HEAVENS/SKY ABOVE AND THEIR RELATIONSHIP TO THE EARTH

            Job 9:6-10 (CTS):  Who shaketh the earth to its foundations, so that the pillars thereof totter – Who commandeth the sun and it riseth not; and Who sealth up against the stars – Who alone hath outspread the heaven; and Who walketh on the sea as on a pavement – Who is the maker of the Pleiades and Hesperus, and of Arcturus and the chambers of the south – Who doth things great and unsearchable; things glorious and wonderful not to be numbered?

            Job 9:6-10 (ARAMAIC):  He shakes the earth out of its foundations, and its inhabitants tremble.  He commands the sun, and it does not rise; and seals up the stars.  He alone stretched out the heavens, and treads upon the mighty waves of the sea.  He made the Pleiades, Aldebaran, and Orion, and the chambers of the south.  He has done great things past finding out; yea, and wonders without number.

           Job 9:6-10 (CEPHER):  Which shakes the earth out of her place, and the pillars thereof tremble.  Which commands the sun, and it rises not; and seals up the stars.  Which alone spreads out the heavens, and treads upon the waves of the sea.  Which makes Arcturus, Orion, and Pleiades, and the chambers of the south.  Which does great things past finding out; yea, and wonders without number.

            Job 9:6-10 (KJV):  Which shaketh the earth out of her place, and the pillars thereof tremble.  Which commandeth the sun, and it riseth no; and sealeth up the stars.  Which alone spreadeth out the heavens, and treadeth upon the waves of the sea.  Which maketh Arcturus, Orion, and Pleiades, and the chambers of the south.  Which doeth great things past finding out: yea, and wonders without number.

            Job 9:6-10 (NASB):  Who shakes the earth out of its place, and its pillars tremble; Who commands the sun not to shine, and sets a seal upon the stars; Who alone stretches out the heavens and tramples down the waves of the sea: Who makes the Bear, Orion and the Pleiades, and the chambers of the south; Who does great things, unfathomable, and wondrous works without number.

            Job 22:14 (CTS):  A cloud is His covering, so that He cannot be seen, though He traverses the circuit of heaven.

            Job 22:14 (ARAMAIC):  Thick clouds are a covering to Him, so that men cannot see Him; and He walks upon the circle of the heaven.

            Job 22:14 (CEPHER):  Thick clouds are a covering to Him, that He sees not; and He walks in the circuit of heaven.

            Job 22:14 (KJV):  Thick clouds are a covering to Him, that He seeth not; and He walketh in the circuit of heaven.

            Job 22:14 (NASB):  Clouds are a hiding place for Him, so that He cannot see; and He walks on the vault of heaven.

            Job 26:7-13 (CTS):  He it is, Who stretcheth out Boreas [the North Wind] over empty space – Who suspendeth the earth upon nothing – Who bindeth up water in His clouds, and the cloud under it is not rent – Whotaketh possession of the front of His throne and over it spreadeth His cloud.  His decree had drawn a circle on the face of the water, at the confines of light and darkness.  The pillars of heaven flutter and are struck with consternation at His rebuke.  By power He calmed the sea; and by wisdom the sea-monster was overthrown.  The bars of heaven were terrified at Him; and by a decree He doomed to death the apostate dragon.

             Job 26:7-13 (ARAMAIC):  He stretches out the north from the empty place, and hangs the earth upon nothing.  He binds up the waters in His thick clouds; and the cloud is not rent under them.  He holds fast the covering of the firmament, and spreads His cloud upon it.  He has circled the waters with bounds, until the day and night come to an end.  The pillars of heaven tremble and are astonished at His reproof.  He rebukes the sea with His power, and by His wisdom He saves many.  By His spirit He manages the heavens; His hand slew the fleeing serpent.

            Job 26:7-13 (CEPHER):  He stretches out the north over the empty place, and hangs the earth upon nothing.  He binds up the waters in His thick clouds; and the cloud is not rent under them.  He holds back the face of His throne and spreads His cloud upon it.  He has compassed the waters with bounds, until the day and night come to an end.  The pillars of heaven tremble and are astonished at His reproof.  He divides the sea with His power, and by His understanding He smites through the proud.  By His Ruach He has garnished the heavens; His hand has formed the crooked serpent.

            Job 26:7-13 (KJV):  He stretcheth out the north over the empty place, and hangeth the earth upon nothing.  He bindeth up the waters in His thick clouds; and the cloud is not rent under them.  He holdeth back the face of His throne, and spreadeth His cloud upon it.  He hath compassed the waters with sounds, until the day and night come to an end.  The pillars of heaven tremble and are astonished at His reproof.  He divideth the sea with His power, and by His understanding He smiteth through the proud.  By His spirit He hath garnished the heavens; His hand hath formed the crooked serpent.

            Job 26:7-13 (NASB):  He stretches out the north over empty space and hangs the earth on nothing.  He wraps up the waters in His clouds, and the cloud does not burst under them.  He obscures the face of the full moon and spreads His cloud over it.  He has inscribed a circle on the surface of the waters at the boundary of light and darkness.  The pillars of heaven tremble and are amazed at His rebuke.  He quieted the sea with His power, and by His understanding He shattered Rahab.  By His breath the heavens are cleared; His hand has pierced the fleeing serpent.

             Job 37:18 (CTS):  With Him are powerful cordials for inveterate disorders: what an appearance of an infusion!

            Job 37:18 (ARAMAIC):  Were you with Him when He spread out the great sky, helping Him hold it up?

            Job 37:18 (CEPHER):  Have you with Him spread out the sky, which is strong, and as a molten looking glass?

            Job 37:18 (KJV):  Hast thou with Him spread out the sky, which is strong, and as a molten looking glass?

            Job 37:18 (NASB):  Can you, with Him, spread out the skies, strong as a molten mirror?

            Genesis 1:1-8 (CTS):  IN THE BEGINNING God made the heaven and the earth.  And the earth was invisible and unfurnished and there was darkness over this abyss, and a breath of God went forth above the water.  And God said, “Let there be Light;” and there was light.  And God saw the light that it was good.  And God made a separation between the light and the darkness.  And God called the light day; and the darkness He called night.  And there was an evening and there was a morning.  The first day.  Then God said, “Let there be a firmament in the midst of the water; and let it make a separation between water and water.”  And it was so.  God made the firmament; and God made a separation between the water which was below the firmament and the water which was above the firmament.  And God called the firmament, heaven.  And God saw that it was good.  And there was an evening and there was a morning.  The second day.

            Genesis 1:1-8 (ARAMAIC):  GOD created the heavens and the earth in the very beginning.  And the earth was without form and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep.  And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the water.  And God said, Let there be light; and there was light.  And God saw that the light was good; and God separated the light from the darkness.  And God called the light Day, and the darkness He called Night.  And there was evening and there was morning, the first day.  And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.  And God made the firmament, and divided the waters that were under the firmament from the waters that were above the firmament; and it was so.  And God called the firmament Sky.  And there was evening and there was morning, the second day.

            Genesis 1:1-8 (CEPHER):  In the beginning Elohiym created the heavens and the earth.  And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep.  And the Ruach Elohiym moved upon the face of the waters.  And Elohiym said, Let there be light: and there was light.  And Elohiym saw the light, that it was good: and Elohiym divided the light from the darkness.  And Elohiym called the light Day, and the darkness He called Night.  And the evening and the morning were the first day.  And Elohiym said, Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.  And Elohiym made the expanse, and divided the waters which were above the expanse: and it was so.  And Elohiym called the expanse Heaven.  And the evening and the morning were the second day.

            Genesis 1:1-8 (KJV):  IN the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.  And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep.  And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.  And God  saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.  And God called the light Day, and the darkness He called Night.  And the evening and the morning were the first day.  And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.  And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.  And God called the firmament Heaven.  And the evening the morning were the second day.

            Genesis 1:1-8 (NASB):  In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.  The earth was formless and void, and darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was moving over the surface of the waters.  Then God said, “Let there be light”; and there was light.  God saw the light was good; and God separated the light from the darkness.  God called the light day, and the darkness He called night.  And there was evening and there was morning, one day.  Then God said, “Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters.”  God made the expanse, and separated the waters which were below the expanse from the waters which were above the expanse; and it was so.  God called the expanse heaven.  And there was evening and there was morning, a second day.

            Genesis 7:11-12 (CTS):  In the six hundredth year of Noe’s life, the second month and twenty-seventh day of the month, on that day all the fountains of the abyss were burst open and the cataracts of heaven were opened, and there came rain on the earth forty days and forty nights.

            Genesis 7:11-12 (ARAMAIC):  In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, on that very day all the fountains of the great deep burse forth and windows of heaven were opened.  And the rain fell upon the earth for forty days and forty nights.

            Genesis 7:11-12 (CEPHER):  In the six hundredth year of Noach’s life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.  And the rain was upon the earth forty days and forty nights.

            Genesis 7:11-12 (KJV):  In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.  And the rain was upon the earth forty days and forty nights.

            Genesis 7:11-12 (NASB):  In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on the same day all the fountains of the great deep burst open,  and the floodgates of the sky were opened.  The rain fell upon the earth for forty days and forty nights.

            Genesis 8:2 (CTS):  And the fountains of the abyss were shut up and also the cataracts of heaven and the rain from heaven was stayed: and the water running off from the earth subsided;

            Genesis 8:2 (ARAMAIC):  The fountains of the deep and the windows of heaven were closed, and the rain from the sky was restrained;

            Genesis 8:2 (CEPHER):  The fountains also of the deep and the windows of heaven were stopped, and the rain from heaven was restrained;

            Genesis 8:2 (KJV):  The fountains also of the deep and the windows of heaven were stopped, and the rain from heaven was restrained;

            Genesis 8:2 (NASB):  Also the fountains of the deep and floodgates of the sky were closed, and the rain from the sky was restrained;

            2 Samuel 22:8 (CTS):  The earth indeed was shaken – it trembled – the fountains of heaven were convulsed, and quivered, Because the Lord was incensed.

            2 Samuel 22:8 (ARAMAIC):  Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations of the mountains quaked and burst asunder, because He was angry at them.

            2 Samuel 22:8 (CEPHER):  Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations of heaven moved and shook, because He was wroth.

            2 Samuel 22:8 (KJV):  Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations of heaven moved and shook, because He was wroth.

            2 Samuel 22:8 (NASB):  Then the earth shook and quaked, the foundations of heaven were trembling and were shaken, because He was angry.

            Psalm 19:1 (CTS):  THE heavens declare the glory of God, and the firmament proclaimeth the work of His hands.

            Psalm 19:1 (ARAMAIC):  THE heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament shows His handiwork.

            Psalm 19:1 (CEPHER):  THE heavens enumerate the glory of El; and the expanse shows His handywork.

            Psalm 19:1 (KJV):  THE heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth His handywork.

            Psalm 19:1 (NASB):  The heavens are telling of the glory of God; and their expanse is declaring the work of His hands.

            Psalm 29:10 (CTS):  The Lord will cause that which was deluged to be inhabited: and the Lord will sit enthroned King forever.

            Psalm 29:10 (ARAMAIC):  The LORD controls the flood; yea, the LORD sits King forever.

            Psalm 29:10 (CEPHER):  Yahuah sits upon the flood; yea, Yahuah sits King forever.

            Psalm 29:10 (KJV):  The LORD sitteth upon the flood; yea, the LORD sitteth King forever.

            Psalm 29:10 (NASB):  The LORD sat as King at the flood; yes, the LORD sits as King forever.

            Psalm 78:21-25 (CTS):  Therefore, the Lord heard and was provoked; and a fire was kindled among Jacob; and wrath came up against Israel.  Because they believed not in God, nor trusted in His salvation.  Though He commanded the clouds above, and had opened the doors of heaven, and had rained down manna for them to eat, and had given them the bread of heaven, (man was eating the bread of angels) He sent meat for them to satiety.

            Psalm 78:21-25 (ARAMAIC):  Therefore the LORD heard this and was angered; so a fire was kindled against Jacob, and anger also came up against Israel, because they believed not in God and trusted not in His salvation: though He had commanded the clouds from above and opened the doors of heaven, and had rained down manna for them to eat and had given them of the bread of heaven.  Man did eat angels’ food; He sent them game in abundance.

            Psalm 78:21-25 (CEPHER):  Therefore Yahuah heard this, and was wroth: so a fire was kindled against Ya’aqov, and anger also came up against Yashar’el; because they believed not in Elohiym, and trusted not in His Yeshu’ah; though He had commanded the clouds from above, and opened the doors of heaven, and had rained down manna upon them to eat, and had given them of the grain of heaven.  Man did eat angels’ food: He sent them meat to the full.

            Psalm 78:21-25 (KJV):  Therefore, the LORD heard this, and was wroth: so a fire was kindled against Jacob, and anger also came up against Israel; Because they believed not in God, and trusted not in His salvation.  Though He had commanded the clouds from above, and opened the doors of heaven, and had rained down manna upon them to eat, and had given them of the corn of heaven, Man did eat angels’ food: He sent them meat to the full.

            Psalm 78:21-25 (NASB):  Therefore the LORD heard and was full of wrath; and a fire was kindled against Jacob and anger also mounted against Israel, because they did not believe in God and did not trust in His salvation.  Yet He commanded the clouds above and opened the doors of heaven; He rained down manna upon them to eat and gave them food from heaven.  Man did eat the bread of angles; He sent them food in abundance.

            Psalm 104:1-3 (CTS):  BLESS the Lord O my soul.  O Lord my God, Thou art very great.  Thou hast robed Thyself with honor and majesty; clothing Thyself with light as with a mantle; stretching out the heaven as a tent.  Thou art He Who covereth His chambers with waters; Who maketh clouds His chariot – Who walketh on the wings of winds –

            Psalm 104:1-3 (ARAMAIC):  BLESS the LORD, O my soul.  O LORD my God, thou art very great; Thou art clothed with honor and majesty.  Thou coverest Thyself with light as with a garment; who stretcheth out the heavens like a curtain, Who layest the beams of His chambers in the waters, Who makest the clouds His chariot, Who walkest upon the wings of the wind,

            Psalm 104:1-3 (CEPHER):  BLESS Yahuah, O my soul.  O Yahuah Elohai, You are very great; You are clothed with honor and majesty.  Who covers Yourself with light as with a garment; Who stretches out the heavens like a curtain: Who lays the beams of His chambers in the waters: Who makes the clouds His chariot: Who walks upon the wings of the wind:

            Psalm 104:1-3 (KJV):  BLESS the LORD, O my soul, O LORD my God, thou art very great; thou art clothed with honor and majesty.  Who coverest Thyself with light as with a garment: Who stretchest out the heavens like a curtain: Who layeth the beams of His chambers in the waters: Who maketh the clouds His chariot: Who walketh upon the wings of the wind:

Psalm 104:1-3 (NASB):  Bless the LORD, O my soul!  O LORD my God, You are very great; You are clothed with splendor and majesty, covering Yourself with light as with a cloak, stretching out heaven like a tent curtain.  He lays the beams of His upper chambers in the waters; He makes the clouds His chariot; He walks upon the wings of the wind;

            Psalm 148:4 (CTS):  Praise Him ye heavens of heavens: and thou water under the heavens!

            Psalm 148:4 (ARAMAIC):  Praise Him, heavens of heavens, and waters that are above the heavens.

            Psalm 148:4 (CEPHER):  Praise Him, ye heavens of heavens, and ye waters that be above the heavens.

            Psalm 148:4 (KJV):  Praise Him, ye heavens of heavens, and ye waters that be above the heavens.

            Psalm 148:4 (NASB):  Praise Him, highest heavens, and the waters that are above the heavens!

            Proverbs 8:27-29 (CTS):  When He furnished the heaven, I was with Him; and when He set apart His own throne on the winds: and when He strengthened the clouds above: and when He secured the fountains of the earth below – when He set to the sea its bound, and the waters passed not the word of His mouth. And when he made the fountains of the earth strong,

            Proverbs 8:27-29 (ARAMAIC):  When He established the heavens, I was there; when He set a circle upon the face of the deep; When He made firm the clouds above; when He strengthened the fountains of the deep; When He gave to the sea its bounds, that the waters should not transgress His commandment; when He laid down the foundations of the earth:

            Proverbs 8:27-29 (CEPHER):  When He prepared the heavens, I was there: when He set a compass upon the face of the depth: When He established the clouds above: When He strengthened the fountains of the deep: When He gave to the sea His decree, that the waters should not pass His commandment: when He appointed the foundations of the earth:

            Proverbs 8:27-29 (KJV):  When He prepared the heavens, I was there: when He set a compass upon the face of the depth: When He established the clouds above: when He strengthened the fountains of the deep: When He gave to the sea His decree, that the waters should not pass His commandment: when He appointed the foundations of the earth:

            Proverbs 8:27-29 (NASB):  When He established the heavens, I was there, When He inscribed a circle on the face of the deep, When He made firm the skies above, When the springs of the deep became fixed, When He set for the sea its boundary so that the water would not transgress His command, When He marked out the foundations of the earth;

            Isaiah 11:12 (CTS):  And He will erect a standard for the nations, and gather together the outcasts of Israel, and assemble the dispersed of Juda from the four quarters of the earth.

            Isaiah 11:12 (ARAMAIC):  And He shall set up an ensign for the nations, and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth.

            Isaiah 11:12 (CEPHER):  And He shall set up an ensign for the nations, and shall assemble the outcasts of Yashar’el, and gather together the dispersed of Yahudah from the four corners of the earth.

            Isaiah 11:12 (KJV):  And He shall set up an ensign for the nations, and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth.

            Isaiah 11:12 (NASB):  And He will lift up a standard for the nations and assemble the banished ones of Israel, and will gather the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth.

            Isaiah 13:13 (CTS):  For the heaven shall be filled with wrath; and the earth shaken from its foundations; at the fierce anger of the Lord of Hosts,

            Isaiah 13:13 (ARAMAIC):  Therefore I will shake the heavens, and the earth shall be moved out of its place, in the rebuke of the LORD of hosts, in the day of His fierce anger.

            Isaiah 13:13 (CEPHER):  Therefore I will shake the heavens, and the earth shall remove out of her place, in the wrath of Yahuah Tseva’oth, and in the day of His fierce anger.

            Isaiah 13:13 (KJV):  Therefore, I will shake the heavens, and the earth shall remove out of her place in the wrath of the LORD of hosts, and in the day of His fierce anger.

            Isaiah 13:13 (NASB):  Therefore I will make the heavens tremble, and the earth will be shaken from its place at the fury of the LORD of hosts in the day of His burning anger.

            Isaiah 40:22 (CTS):  He it is, Who occupieth the circuit of the earth; and the inhabitants thereon are as grasshoppers.  He it is, Who established the heaven as an arch, and spread it out as a tent to be dwelt in;

            Isaiah 40:22 (ARAMAIC):  It is He who sits upon the circle of the earth, and its  inhabitants are like grasshoppers; Who stretches out the heavens as a curtain and spreads them as a tent to dwell in;

            Isaiah 40:22 (CEPHER):  It is He that establishes the circuit of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as locusts; that stretches out the heavens as a curtain, and spreads them out as a tabernacle to dwell in.

            Isaiah 40:22 (KJV):  It is He that sitteth upon the circle of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers; that stretcheth out the heavens as a curtain, and spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in:

            Isaiah 40:22 (NASB):  It is He who sits above the circle of the earth, and its inhabitants are like grasshoppers, Who stretches out the heavens like a curtain and spreads them out like a tent to dwell in.

            Isaiah 44:24 (CTS):  Thus saith the Lord, Who redeemed thee – even He Who formed thee from the womb: I am the Lord the Maker of all things; I alone stretched out the heavens and firmly established the earth.

            Isaiah 44:24 (ARAMAIC):  Thus says the LORD, who saved you and who formed you from the womb and helped you: I am the LORD who made all things; who stretched out the heavens alone; Who spread out the earth by Myself;

            Isaiah 44:24 (CEPHER):  Thus says Yahuah, your Redeemer, and He that formed you from the womb, I am Yahuah that makes all things; that stretches forth the heavens alone; that spreads abroad the earth by Myself;

            Isaiah 44:24 (KJV):  Thus saith the LORD, they redeemer, and He that formed thee from the womb, I am the LORD that maketh all things; that stretcheth forth the heavens alone; that spreadeth abroad the earth by Myself:

            Isaiah 44:24 (NASB):  Thus says the LORD, your Redeemer, and the One Who formed you from the womb.  “I, the LORD, am the maker of all things, stretching out the heavens by Myself and spreading out the earth all alone.”

Isaiah 45:12 (CTS):  It was I Who made the earth and man on it: it was I Who with My hand established the heaven: it was I Who gave direction to all the stars.

            Isaiah 45:12 (KJV):  I have made the earth, and created man upon it: I, even My hands, have stretched out the heavens, and all their host have I commanded.

            Isaiah 48:13 (CTS):  My hand hath founded the earth, and My right hand hath established the heaven.  Let Me summon them and let them stand together.

            Isaiah 48:13 (KJV):  Mine hand also hath laid the foundation of the earth, and my right hand hath spanned the heavens: when I call unto them, they stand up together.

Isaiah 66:1 (CTS):  THUS saith the Lord, The heaven is My throne, and the earth, My footstool: what sort of an house will you build for Me? And of what sort shall be the place of My rest?

            Isaiah 66:1 (KJV):  THUS saith the LORD, The heaven is My throne, and the earth is My footstool: where is the house that ye build unto Me? And where is the place of My rest?

            Ezekiel 1:26 (CTS):  This being over their heads, there was an appearance like that of a sapphire stone and a resemblance of a throne upon it.  And upon the resemblance of the throne a resemblance like the appearance of a man above.

            Ezekiel 1:26 (KJV):  And above the firmament that was over their heads was the likeness of a throne, as the appearance of a sapphire stone: and upon the likeness of the throne was the likeness of the appearance of a man above upon it.

            Amos 9:6 (CTS):  Who buildeth His stairs up to heaven, and His tribunal on the foundations of the earth; Who calleth to Himself the water of the sea and poureth it out on the face of the earth, the Lord Almighty is His name.

            Amos 9:6 (KJV):  It is He that buildeth His stories in the heaven, and hath founded His troop in the earth; He that calleth for the waters of the sea, and poureth them out upon the face of the earth; The LORD is His name.

            Amos 9:6 (ASV):  It is He that buildeth His chambers in the heavens, and hath founded His vault upon the earth; He that calleth for the waters of the sea, and poureth them out upon the face of the earth; Jehovah is His name.

            Amos 9:6 (ESV):  It is He that buildeth His chambers in the heaven, and hath found His vault upon the earth; He that calleth the waters of the sea and poureth them out upon the face of the earth; the LORD is His name.

            Amos 9:6 (NASB):  The One who builds His upper chambers in the heavens and has founded His vaulted dome over the earth, He who calls for the waters of the sea and pours them out on the face of the earth, The Lord is His name.

SCRIPTURES CONCERNING THE NATURE OF THE EARTH BELOW THE FIRMAMENT

            Job 9:6 (CTS):  Who shaketh the earth to its foundations, so that the pillars thereof totter –

            Job 9:6 (ARAMAIC):  He shakes the earth out of its foundations, and its inhabitants tremble.

            Job 9:6 (CEPHER):  Which shakes the earth out of her place, and the pillars thereof tremble.

            Job 9:6 (KJV):  Which shaketh the earth out of her place, and the pillars thereof tremble.

            Job 9:6 (NASB):  Who shakes the earth out of its place, and its pillars tremble;

            Job 26:7 (CTS):  He it is, Who stretcheth out Boreas [the North Wind] over empty space – Who suspendeth the earth upon nothing –

            Job 26:7 (ARAMAIC):  He stretches out the north from the empty place, and hangs the earth upon nothing.

            Job 26:7 (CEPHER):  He stretches out the north over the empty place, and hangs the earth upon nothing.

            Job 26:7 (KJV):  He stretcheth out the north over the empty place, and hangeth the earth upon nothing.

            Job 26:7 (NASB):  He stretches out the north over empty space and hangs the earth on nothing.

            Job 26:10 (CTS):  His decree had drawn a circle on the face of the water, at the confines of light and darkness.

            Job 26:10 (ARAMAIC):  He has circled the waters with bounds, until the day and night come to an end.

            Job 26:10 (CEPHER):  He has compassed the waters with bounds, until the day and night come to an end.

            Job 26:10 (KJV):  He hath compassed the waters with bounds, until the day and night come to an end.

            Job 26:10 (NASB):  He has inscribed a circle on the surface of the waters at the boundary of light and darkness.

            Job 28:24 (CTS):  For He surveyeth the whole world; and knoweth all on the earth –

            Job 28:24 (ARAMAIC):  For He looks to the ends of the earth, and sees under the whole heaven;

            Job 28:24 (CEPHER):  For He looks to the ends of the earth, and sees under the whole heaven;

            Job 28:24 (KJV):  For He looketh to the ends of the earth, and seeth under the whole heaven;

            Job 28:24 (NASB):  For He looks to the ends of the earth and sees everything under the heavens.

            Job 37:3 (CTS):  as His dominion extendeth over all under heaven, and His light over the wings of the earth.

            Job 37:3 (ARAMAIC):  Under the whole of heaven the people shall praise Him, and His light shines upon the ends of the earth.

            Job 37:3 (CEPHER):  He directs it under the whole heaven, and his lightning unto the ends of the earth.

            Job 37:3 (KJV):  He directeth it under the whole heaven, and his lightning unto the ends of the earth.

            Job 37:3 (NASB):  Under the whole heaven He lets it loose, and His lightning to the ends of the earth.

            Job 38:1-7 (CTS):  After Elius had finished his speech, the Lord from a whirlwind and clouds, said to Job: Who is this who is concealing counsel from Me, and who hiding words in his heart thinketh to hide them from Me? Gird up thy loins like a man and I will question thee, and answer thou Me.  Where wast thou, when I laid the foundations of the earth? And tell Me, if thou hast understanding, Who settled the measures of it?  To what are the hooks of it fastened? And Who laid the cornerstone thereof? When the stars were made, all My angels praised Me with a loud voice.

            Job 38:1-7 (ARAMAIC):  THEN the LORD answered Job out of the whirlwind, and said, Who is this that gives counsel by words without knowledge?  Gird up your loins now, like a valiant man: for I will question you, and you shall answer Me.  Where were you when I laid the foundations of the earth?  Declare, if you have understanding.  Who has laid its measures, if you know?  Or who has stretched the line upon it?  Upon what are its limits resting?  Or who laid the cornerstone thereof?  When did I create the morning stars, and all the angels shouted for joy?

            Job 38:1-7 (CEPHER):  THEN Yahuah answered Iyov out of the whirlwind, and said, Who is this that darkens counsel by words without knowledge?  Gird up now your loins like a man; for I will demand of you, and answer Me.  Where were you when I laid the foundations of the earth?  Declare, if you have understanding.  Who has laid the measures thereof, if you know? Or Who has stretched the line upon it?  Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened?  Or Who laid the cornerstone thereof; when the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of Elohiym shouted for joy?

            Job 38:1-7 (KJV):  THEN the Lord answered Job out of the whirlwind, and said, Who is this that darkeneth counsel by words without knowledge?  Gird up now thy loins like a man; for I will demand of thee, and answer thou Me.  Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? Declare, if thou hast understanding.  Who hath laid the measures thereof, if thou knowest? Or who hath stretched the line upon it?  Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened? Or who laid the cornerstone thereof; When the morning stars sang tother and all the sons of God shouted for joy?

            Job 38:1-7 (NASB):  Then the LORD answered Job out of the whirlwind and said, Who is this that darkens counsel by words without knowledge?  Now gird up your loins like a man, and I will ask you, and you instruct Me!  Where were you when I laid the foundation of the earth?  Tell Me, if you have understanding, Who set its measurements?  Since you know.  Or who stretched the line on it?  On what were its bases sunk?  Or Who laid its cornerstone, when the morning stars sang together and all the sons of God shouted for joy?

            Job 38:12-14 (CTS):  Was it in concert with thee that I ordered the morning light; and that the day spring knew its appointed time to singe the wings of the earth – to scare the wicked from it? Didst thou take clay of the earth and form an animal and place on the earth a creature endowed with speech?

            Job 38:12-14 (ARAMAIC):  Have you commanded the dawn since your days began; or do you know the place of the morning; that it might take hold of the ends of the earth, that the wicked might be thrown out of it?  So that their bodies shall be turned into clay, and be thrown into a heap.

            Job 38:12-14 (CEPHER):  Have you commanded the morning since your days; and caused the dayspring to know his place; that it might take hold of the ends of the earth, that the wicked might be shaken out of it?  It is turned as clay to the seal; and they stand as a garment.

            Job 38:12-14 (KJV):  Hast thou commanded the morning since thy days; and caused the dayspring to know his place; that it might take hold of the ends of the earth, that the wicked might be shaken out of it? It is turned as clay to the seal; and they stand as a garment.

            Job 38:12-14 (NASB):  Have you ever in your life commanded the morning, and caused the dawn to know its place, that it might take hold of the ends of the earth, and the wicked be shaken out of it?  It is changed like clay under the seal; and they stand forth like a garment.

            Genesis 1:9-13 (CTS):  Then God said, “Let the water which is below the heaven be gathered into one receptacle and let the dry land appear.” And it was so.  The waters which were below the heaven were gathered into their several collections, and the dry land appeared.  And God called the dry land, earth; and the collections of the waters He called, seas.  And God saw that it was good.  And God said, “Let the earth produce the grassy plant with sowing seed according to kind and according to likeness, and the fruit bearing tree together with the fruit, the seed of which is in it according to kind, upon the earth.”  And it was so.  The earth indeed produced the grassy plant with sowing seed according to kind and according to likeness, and the fruit tree together with fruit, the seed of which is in it, according to kind, in the earth.  And God saw that it was good.  And there was an evening and there was a morning.  The third day.

            Genesis 1:9-13 (ARAMAIC):  AND God said, Let the waters that are under the sky be gathered together in one place, and let the dry land appear; and it was so.  And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters He called Seas; and God saw that it was good.  And God said, Let the earth bring forth vegetation, the herb yielding seed after its kind, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after its kinds, wherein is their seed, upon the earth, and it was so.  And the earth brought forth vegetation, the herb yielding seed after its kind, and the tree bearing fruit, wherein is its seed, after its kind; and God saw that it was good.  And there was evening and there was morning, the third day.

            Genesis 1:9-13 (CEPHER):  And Elohiym said, Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.  And Elohiym called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called He Seas: and Elohiym saw that it was good.  And Elohiym said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so.  And the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kind: and Elohiym saw that it was good.  And the evening and the morning were the third day.

            Genesis 1:9-13 (KJV):  And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear; and it was so.  And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called He Seas: and God saw that it was good.  And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so.  And the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kind: and God saw that it was good.  And the evening and the morning were the third day.

            Genesis 1:9-13 (NASB):  Then God said, Let the waters below the heavens be gathered into one place, and let the dry land appear; and it was so.  God called the dry land earth, and the gathering of the waters He called seas; and God saw that it was good.  Then God said, Let the earth sprout vegetation plants yielding seed, and fruit trees on the earth bearing fruit after their kind with seed in them, and it was so.  The earth brought forth vegetation, plants yielding seed after their kind, and trees bearing fruit with seed in them, after their kind; and God saw that it was good.  There was evening and there was morning, a third day.

            I Samuel 2:8 (CTS):  He lifteth up the needy from the ground; and raiseth the beggar from a dunghill; to seat them among a people’s princes; and He causeth them to possess a throne of glory.

            I Samuel 2:8 (ARAMAIC):  He raises up the poor out of the dust and lifts up the needy from the dunghill, to set them with the princes and to make them inherit the throne of glory; for the depths of the earth are protected by the LORD, and He has set the world upon them.

            I Samuel 2:8 (CEPHER):  He raises up the poor out of the dust, and lifts up the beggar from the dunghill, to set them among princes, and to make them inherit the throne of glory: for the pillars of the earth are Yahuah’s, and He has set the world upon them.

            I Samuel 2:8 (KJV):  He raised up the poor out of the dust, and lifteth up the beggar from the dunghill, to set them among princes, and make them inherit the throne of glory: for the pillars of the earth are the LORD’s, and He hath set the world upon them.

            I Samuel 2:8 (NASB):  He raises the poor from the dust, He lifts the needy from the ash heap to make them sit with nobles, and inherit a seat of honor; For the pillars of the earth are the LORD’s, and He set the world on them.

            2 Samuel 22:16 (CTS): Then were seen the outlets of the sea; and the foundations of the earth were disclosed, at the rebuke of the Lord- at the blast of the breath of His anger.

            2 Samuel 22:16 (ARAMAIC):  Then the channels of the sea appeared, the foundations of the world were uncovered, at Thy rebuke, O LORD, at the blast of the breath of thine anger.

            2 Samuel 22:16 (CEPHER):  And the channels of the sea appeared, the foundations of the world were discovered, at the rebuking of Yahuah, at the blast of the breath of His nostrils.

            2 Samuel 22:16 (KJV):  And the channels of the sea appeared, the foundations of the world were discovered, at the rebuking of the LORD, at the blast of the breath of His nostrils.

            2 Samuel 22:16 (NASB):  Then the channels of the sea appeared, the foundations of the world were laid bare by the rebuke of the LORD, at the blast of the breath of His nostrils.

            1 Chronicles 16:30 (CTS):  Let all the earth be awed at His presence, let the earth be renovated and not dismayed.

            I Chronicles 16:30 (ARAMAIC):  Tremble before Him all the earth; the world also shall be stable, that it be not moved.

            I Chronicles 16:30 (CEPHER):  Fear before Him, all the earth: the world also shall be stable, that it be not moved.

            1 Chronicles 16:30 (KJV):  Fear before Him, all the earth: the world also shall be stable, that it be not moved.

            I Chronicles 16:30 (NASB):  Tremble before Him, all the earth; Indeed, the world is firmly established, it will not be moved.

            Psalm 18:15 (CTS):  Then were seen the head springs of waters, and the foundations of the world were disclosed, at Thy rebuke, O Lord – at the blowing of the blast of Thine anger.

            Psalm 18:15 (ARAMAIC):  Then the brooks appeared, and the foundations of the world were laid open at Thy rebuke, O LORD, at the blast of the breath of thine anger.

            Psalm 18:15 (CEPHER):  Then the channels of waters were seen, and the foundations of the world were discovered at Your rebuke, O Yahuah, at the blast of the breath of your nostrils.

            Psalm 18:15 (KJV):  Then the channels of waters were seen, and the foundations of the world were discovered at thy rebuke, O Lord, at the blast of the breath of Thy nostrils.

            Psalm 18:15 (NASB):  Then the channels of water appeared, and the foundations of the world were laid bare at Your rebuke, O LORD, at the blast of the breath of Your nostrils.

            Psalm 75:3 (CTS):  The land, with all its inhabitants, is wasted.  It was I Who strengthened the pillars thereof.

            Psalm 75:3 (ARAMAIC):  Then the earth and all the inhabitants thereof shall be humbled; thou hast ordained the people thereof.

            Psalm 75:3 (CEPHER):  The earth and all the inhabitants thereof are dissolved: I bear up the pillars of it. Celah.

            Psalm 75:3 (KJV):  The earth and all the inhabitants thereof are dissolved: I bear up the pillars of it. Selah.

            Psalm 75:3 (NASB):  The earth and all who dwell in it melt; It is I who have firmly set its pillars.

            Psalm 93:1 (CTS):  THE Lord hath commenced His reign – hath robed Himself with majesty.  The Lord hath robed Himself with power and girded it on.  For He hath established the world, which cannot be shaken.

            Psalm 93:1 (ARAMAIC):  THE LORD reigns; He is clothed with majesty; the LORD is clothed with strength, wherewith He has girded Himself; the world also is established, that it cannot be moved.

            Psalm 93:1 (CEPHER):  YAHUAH reigns, He is clothed with majesty; Yahuah is clothed with strength, wherewith He has girded Himself: the world also is stablished, that it cannot be moved

            Psalm 93:1 (KJV):  THE LORD reigneth, He is clothed with majesty; the LORD is clothed with strength, wherewith He hath girded Himself: the world also is stablished, that it cannot be moved.

            Psalm 93:1 (NASB):  The LORD reigns, He is clothed with majesty; The LORD has clothed and girded Himself with strength; Indeed, the world is firmly established, it will not be moved.

            Psalm 96:9-11 (CTS):  worship the Lord in His holy court: Let all the earth be moved at His presence.  Say among the nations, The Lord is King, for He hath renovated this world, which shall no more be shaken; He will judge peoples with righteousness.  Let the heavens rejoice and the earth exult: let the sea be moved and fullness thereof.

            Psalm 96:9-11 (ARAMAIC):  O worship the LORD in the temple of holiness; tremble before Him, all the earth.  Say among the Gentiles that the LORD reigns; the world also shall be established that it shall not be moved; He shall judge the people righteously.  Let the heavens rejoice, and let the earth be glad; let the sea roar and the fulness thereof.

            Psalm 96:9-11 (CEPHER):  O worship Yahuah in the beauty of holiness: fear before Him, all the earth.  Say among the heathen that Yahuah reigns: the world also shall be established that shall not be moved: He shall judge the people righteously.  Let the heavens rejoice, and let the earth be glad; let the sea roar, and the fulness thereof.

            Psalm 96:9-11 (KJV):  O worship the LORD in the beauty of holiness: fear before Him, all the earth.  Say among the heathen that the LORD reigneth: the world also shall be established that it shall not be moved: He shall judge the people righteously.  Let the heavens rejoice, and let the earth be glad; let the sea roar, and the fulness thereof.

            Psalm 96:9-11 (NASB):  Worship the LORD in holy attire; tremble before Him, all the earth.  Say among the nations, The LORD reigns; indeed, the world is firmly established, it will not be moved; He will judge the peoples with equity.  Let the heavens be glad, and let the earth rejoice; let the sea roar, and all it contains;

            Psalm 102:25 (CTS):  Thou Lord, in the beginning didst lay the foundations of the earth; and the heavens are the work of Thy hands.

            Psalm 102:25 (ARAMAIC):  Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the work of Thy hands.

            Psalm 102:25 (CEPHER):  Of old have you laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens are the work of your hands.

            Psalm 102:25 (KJV):  Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens are the work of thy hands.

            Psalm 102:25 (NASB):  Of old You founded the earth, and the heavens are the work of Your hands.

            Psalm 104:5-9 (CTS):  Who founded the earth on its firm basis, that it may not be moved forever.  Is the abyss like a garment to be its covering – are waters to stand above the mountains? At Thy rebuke they shall flee – at the peal of Thy thunder they will tremble.  They ascend mountains, they go down valleys; to the place which Thou hast founded for them.  Thou has set a bound which they shall not pass; nor shall they return to cover the earth.

            Psalm 104:5-9 (ARAMAIC):  Who laid the foundations of the earth, that it should not be removed forever.  Thou coveredst it with the deep as with a garment; the waters stood above the mountains.  At Thy rebuke they fled; at the voice of Thy thunder they hastened away.  The mountains ascend, the valleys descend to the place which thou hast founded for them.  Thou hast set a bound that they may not pass over, to cover the earth.

            Psalm 104:5-9 (CEPHER):  Who laid the foundations of the earth, that it should not be removed forever.  You covered it with the deep as with a garment: the waters stood above the mountains.  At Your rebuke they fled; at the voice of Your thunder they hasted away.  They go up by the mountains; they go down by the valleys unto the place which you have founded for them.  You have set a bound that they may not pass over; that they turn not again to cover the earth.

            Psalm 104:5-9 (KJV):  Who laid the foundations of the earth that it should not be removed forever.  Thou coveredst it with the deep as with a garment: the waters stood above the mountains.  At Thy rebuke they fled; at the voice of Thy thunder they hasted away.  They go up by the mountains; they go down by the valleys unto the place which thou hast founded for them.  Thou hast set a bound that they may not pass over; that they turn not again to cover the earth.

            Psalm 104:5-9 (NASB):  He established the earth upon its foundations, so that it will not totter forever and ever.  You covered it with the deep as with a garment; the waters were standing above the mountains.  At Your rebuke they fled, at the sound of Your thunder they hurried away.  The mountains rose; the valleys sank down to the place which You established for them.  You set a boundary that they may not pass over, so that they will not return to cover the earth.

            Psalm 136:6 (CTS):  to Him Who established the earth on the waters: for His mercy endureth forever –

            Psalm 136:6 (ARAMAIC):  To Him who stretched out the earth above the waters; for His mercy endures forever.

            Psalm 136:6 (CEPHER):  To Him that stretched out the earth above the waters: for His mercy endures forever.

            Psalm 136:6 (KJV):  To Him that stretched out the earth above the waters: for His mercy endureth forever.

            Psalm 136:6 (NASB):  To Him who spread out the earth above the waters, for His lovingkindness is everlasting;

            Proverbs 8:27-29 (CTS):  When He furnished the heaven, I was with Him; and when He set apart His own throne on the winds: and when He strengthened the clouds above: and when He secured the fountains of the earth below – when He set to the sea its bound, and the waters passed not the word of His mouth.  And when He made the fountains of the earth strong,

            Proverbs 8:27-29 (ARAMAIC):  When He established the heavens, I was there; when He set a circle upon the face of the deep; when He made firm the clouds above; when He strengthened the fountains of the deep; when He gave to the sea its bounds, that the waters should not transgress His commandment; when He laid down the foundations of the earth:

            Proverbs 8:27-29 (CEPHER):  When He prepared the heavens, I was there: when He set a compass upon the face of the depth: when He established the clouds above: when He strengthened the fountains of the deep: when He gave to the sea His decree, that the waters should not pass His commandment: when He appointed the foundations of the earth:

            Proverbs 8:27-29 (KJV):  When He prepared the heavens, I was there: when He set a compass upon the face of the depth: When He established the clouds above: when He strengthened the fountains of the deep: When He gave to the sea His decree, that the waters should not pass His commandment: when He appointed the foundations of the earth:

            Proverbs 8:27-29 (NASB):  When He stablished the heavens, I was there, When He inscribed a circle on the face of the deep, When He made firm the skies above, When the springs of the deep became fixed, When He set for the sea its boundary so that the water would not transgress His command, When He marked out the foundations of the earth;

            Isaiah 11:12 (CTS):  And He will erect a standard for the nations, and gather together the outcasts of Israel, and assemble the dispersed of Juda from the four quarters of the earth.

            Isaiah 11:12 (ARAMAIC):  And He shall set up an ensign for the nations, and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth.

            Isaiah 11:12 (CEPHER):  And He shall set up an ensign for the nations, and shall assemble the outcasts of Yashar’el, and gather together the dispersed of Yahudah from the four corners of the earth.

            Isaiah 11:12 (KJV):  And He shall set up an ensign for the nations, and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah, from the four corners of the earth.

            Isaiah 11:12 (NASB):  And He will lift up a standard for the nations and assemble the banished ones of Israel, and will gather the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth.

            Isaiah 13:13 (CTS):  For the heaven shall be filled with wrath; and the earth shaken from its foundations; at the fierce anger of the Lord of Hosts,

            Isaiah 13:13 (ARAMAIC):  Therefore I will shake the heavens, and the earth shall be moved out of its place, in the rebuke of the LORD of hosts, in the day of His fierce anger.

            Isaiah 13:13 (CEPHER):  Therefore I will shake the heavens, and the earth shall remove out of her place, in the wrath of Yahuah Tseva’oth, and in the day of His fierce anger.

            Isaiah 13:13 (KJV):  Therefore I will shake the heavens, and the earth shall remove out of her place, in the wrath of the LORD of hosts, and in the day of His fierce anger.

            Isaiah 13:13 (NASB):  Therefore I will make the heavens tremble, and the earth will be shaken from its place at the fury of the LORD of Hosts.

            Isaiah 40:22 (CTS):  He it is, Who occupieth the circuit of the earth; and the inhabitants thereon are as grasshoppers.  He it is, Who established the heaven as an arch, and spread it out as a tent to be dwelt in;

            Isaiah 40:22 (ARAMAIC):  It is He who sits upon the circle of the earth, and its inhabitants are like grasshoppers; who stretches out the heavens as a curtain and spreads them as a tent to dwell in;

            Isaiah 40:22 (CEPHER):  It is He that establishes the circuit of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as locusts; that stretches out the heavens as a curtain, and spreads them out as a tabernacle to dwell in:

            Isaiah 40:22 (KJV):  It is He that sitteth upon the circle of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers: that stretcheth out the heavens as a curtain, and spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in:

            Isaiah 40:22 (NASB):  It is He who sits above the circle of the earth, and its inhabitants are like grasshoppers, Who stretches out the heavens like a curtain and spreads them out like a tent to dwell in.

            Isaiah 43:6-7 (CTS):  I will say to the north, Give up; and to the south, Keep thou not back; bring My sons from afar and My daughters from the ends of the earth – all that are called by My name.

            Isaiah 43:6-7 (ARAMAIC):  I will say to the north, Give up; and to the south, Keep not back; bring my sons from afar, and my daughters from the ends of the earth; even every one who is called by My name; for I have created him for My glory, I have formed him and I have made him.

            Isaiah 43:6-7 (CEPHER):  I will say to the north, Give up; and to the south, Keep not back: bring my sons from far, and my daughters from the ends of the earth; even everyone that is called by My name for I have created him for my glory, I have formed him; yea, I have made him.

            Isaiah 43:6-7 (KJV):  I will say to the north, Give up; and to the south, Keep not back: bring My sons from far, and My daughters from the ends of the earth; even every one that is called by My name: for I have created him for My glory, I have formed him; yea, I have made him.

            Isaiah 43:6-7 (NASB):  I will say to the north, Give them up! And to the south, Do not hold them back!  Bring My sons from afar and My daughters from the ends of the earth, everyone who is called by My name, and whom I have created for My glory, whom I have formed, even whom I have made.

            Daniel 4:10-11 (CTS):  I beheld with astonishment on my bed, and lo! A tree in the midst of the earth.  Though its height was great, the tree increased in magnitude and strength and its top reached up to heaven; and its bulk to the extent of the whole earth.

            Daniel 4:10-11 (ARAMAIC):  These were the visions which I saw in my bed: I saw, and behold, a tree in the midst of the earth, and its height was great.  The tree grew high, and was strong, and its height reached to heaven and the view thereof to the end of all the earth.

            Daniel 4:10-11 (CEPHER):  Thus were the visions of my head in my bed; I saw, and behold a tree in the midst of the earth, and the height thereof was great.  The tree grew, and was strong, and the height thereof reached unto heaven, and the sight thereof to the end of all the earth:

            Daniel 4:10-11 (KJV):  Thus were the visions of mine head in my bed; I saw, and behold a tree in the midst of the earth, and the height thereof was great.  The tree grew, and was strong, and the height thereof reached unto heaven, and the sight thereof to the end of all the earth:

            Daniel 4:10-11 (NASB):  Now these were the visions in my mind as I lay on my bed: I was looking, and behold, there was a tree in the midst of the earth and its height was great.  The tree grew large and became strong and its height reached to the sky, and its height reached to the sky, and it was visible to the end of the whole earth.

            Jonah 2:6 (CTS):  I have gone down to a land, the bars of which are everlastingly fixed.

            Jonah 2:6 (ARAMAIC):  I went down to the bottoms of the mountains; the earth shut up its bars against me forever; yet Thou hast brought up my life from corruption, O LORD my God.

            Jonah 2:6 (CEPHER):  I went down to the bottoms of the mountains; the earth with her bars was about me forever: yet have You brought up my life from corruption, O Yahuah Elohai.

            Jonah 2:6 (KJV):  I went down to the bottoms of the mountains; the earth with her bars was about me forever: yet hast Thou brought up my life from corruption, O LORD my God.

            Jonah 2:6 (NASB):  I descended to the roots of the mountains.  The earth with its bars was around me forever.  But You have brought up my life from the pit, O LORD my God.

            Matthew 4:8-9 (CTNT):  Again, the devil taketh Him along him to a very high mountain and pointeth out to Him all the kingdoms of the world and the glory of them, and saith to Him, all these I will give Thee if Thou wilt prostrate Thyself and worship me.

            Matthew 4:8-9 (ARAMAIC):  Again, the adversary took Him to a very high mountain, and he showed Him all the kingdoms of the world and their glory.  And he said to Him, all of these I will give to You, if You will fall down and worship me.

            Matthew 4:8-9 (CEPHER):  Again, the devil took Him up into an exceeding high mountain, and showed Him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them; and said unto Him, all these things will I give You, if You will fall down and worship me.

            Matthew 4:8-9 (KJV):  Again, the devil taketh Him up into an exceeding high mountain, and sheweth Him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them; and saith unto Him, all these things will I give Thee, if Thou wilt fall down and worship me.

            Matthew 4:8-9 (NASB):  Again, the devil took Him to a very high mountain and showed Him all the kingdoms of the world and their glory; and he said to Him, all these things I will give You, if You fall down and worship me.    

            Matthew 24:31 (CTNT):  And He will send out His messengers with a loud sounding trumpet, and they will gather His chosen ones from the four winds – from one extremity of heaven to the other.

            Matthew 24:31 (ARAMAIC):  And He will send His angels with a large trumpet, and they will gather His chosen ones from the four winds, from one end of the heaven to the other.

            Matthew 24:31 (CEPHER):  And He shall send His angels with a great sound of a shofar, and they shall gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.

            Matthew 24:31 (KJV):  And He shall send His angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.

            Matthew 24:31 (NASB):  And He will send forth His angels with A GREAT TRUMPET and THEY WILL GATHER TOGETHER His elect from the four winds, from one end of the sky to the other.

            John 17:24 (CTNT):  O Father, with respect to them whom Thou has given Me, My desire is that where I am, they may be with Me, that they may behold My glory which Thou hast given Me, because Thou lovedst Me before the foundation of the world.

            John 17:24 (ARAMAIC):  O Father, I wish that those whom Thou hast given Me may also be with Me where I am, so that they may see My glory which Thou hast given Me, for Thou hast loved Me before the foundation of the world.

            John 17:24 (CEPHER):  Father, I will that they also, whom You have given Me, be with Me where I am; that they may behold My glory, which You have given Me; for You loved Me before the foundation of the world.

            John 17:24 (KJV):  Father, I will that they also, whom Thou hast given Me, be with Me where I am, that they may behold My glory, which Thou hast given Me: for Thou lovedst Me before the foundation of the world.

            John 17:24 (NASB):  Father, I desire that they also, whom You have given Me, be with Me where I am, so that they may see My glory which You have given Me, for You loved Me before the foundation of the world.

            Revelation 1:7 (CTNT):  Behold He is coming with clouds, and every eye shall see Him, even they who pierced Him; and for Him all the tribes of the earth shall mourn.

            Revelation 1:7 (ARAMAIC):  Behold, He will come with the clouds; and every eye shall see Him, even the men who pierced Him; and all the kindreds of the earth shall wail over Him.  Even so.  Amen.

            Revelation 1:7 (CEPHER):  Behold, He comes with clouds; and every eye shall see Him, and they also which pierced Him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of Him.  Even so, Amein.

            Revelation 1:7 (KJV):  Behold, He cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see Him, and they also which pierced Him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of Him.  Even so, Amen.

            Revelation 1:7 (NASB):  BEHOLD, HE IS COMING WITH THE CLOUDS, and every eye will see Him, even those who pierced Him; and all the tribes of the earth will mourn over Him.  So, it is to be.  Amen.

            Revelation 7:1 (CTNT):  And after this, I saw four angels standing at the four corners of the earth holding fast the four winds of the earth that no wind might blow on the earth or on the sea or on any tree.

            Revelation 7:1 (ARAMAIC):  AND after these things, I saw four angels standing on the four corners of the earth, holding the four winds of the earth, that the wind should not blow on the earth nor on the sea nor on any tree.

            Revelation 7:1 (CEPHER):  AND after these things, I saw four angels standing on the four corners of the earth, holding the four winds of the earth, that the wind should not blow on the earth, nor on the sea, nor on any tree.

            Revelation 7:1 (KJV):  AND after these things, I saw four angels standing on the four corners of the earth, holding the four winds of the earth, that the wind should not blow on the earth, nor on the sea, nor on any tree.

            Revelation 7:1 (NASB):  After this, I saw four angels standing at the four corners of the earth, holding back the four winds of the earth, so that no wind would blow on the earth or on the sea or on any tree.

            Revelation 20:8 (CTNT):  And when the thousand years are ended, Satan will be let loose from his prison and will go forth to seduce the nations which are in the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to assemble them for battle; the number of whom will be as the sand of the sea.

            Revelation 20:7-8 (ARAMAIC):  And when the thousand years come to an end, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison, and shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four corners of the earth, even to China and Mongolia, to gather them together for war; the number of them is as the sand of the sea.

            Revelation 20:7-8 (CEPHER):  And when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison, and shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle: the number of whom is as the sand of the sea.

            Revelation 20:7-8 (KJV):  And when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison, and shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth, God and Magog, to gather them together to battle: the number of whom is as the sand of the sea.

            Revelation 20:7-8 (NASB):  When the thousand years are completed, Satan will be released from his prison, and will come out to deceive the nations which are in the four corners of the earth, God and Magog, to gather them together for the war; the number of them is like the sand of the seashore.

SCRIPTURES CONCERNING THE NATURE OF THE SUN, MOON AND STARS

            Job 38:7 (CTS):  When the stars were made, all My angels praised Me with a loud voice.

            Job 38:7 (ARAMAIC):  When did I create the morning stars, and all the angels shouted for joy?

            Job 38:7 (CEPHER):  When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of Elohiym shouted for joy?

            Job 38:7 (KJV):  When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?

            Job 38:7 (NASB):  When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?

            Genesis 1:14-19 (CTS):  Then God said, Let there be luminaries in the firmament of heaven, to give light on the earth; to make a separation between the day and the night: and let them be for signs and for seasons and for days and for years; and let them be for an illumination in the firmament of heaven so as to shine on the earth.  And it was so.  God indeed made the two great luminaries, the greater luminary for the regulations of the day, and the lesser luminary, with the stars, for the regulations of the night.  And God placed them in the firmament of heaven so as to shine on the earth, and to regulate the day and the night, and to make a division between the light and the darkness.  And God saw that it was good.  And there was an evening and there was a morning.  The fourth day.

            Genesis 1:14-19 (ARAMAIC):  Then God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to separate the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years.  And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth; and it was so.  And God made two great lights, the greater light to rule the day, and the smaller light to rule the night; and the stars also.  And God set them in the firmament of the heavens to give light upon the earth, and to rule over the day and over the night, and to separate the light from the darkness; and God saw that it was good.  And there was evening and there was morning, the fourth day.

            Genesis 1:14-19 (CEPHER):  And Elohiym said, Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for appointed feasts, and for days, and years:  and let them be for lights in the expanse of the heavens to give light upon the earth: and it was so.  And Elohiym made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: He made the stars the stars also.  And Elohiym set them in the expanse of the heavens to give light upon the earth, and to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and Elohiym saw that it was good.  And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.

            Genesis 1:14-19 (KJV):  And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years: and let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.  And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: He made the stars also.  And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth, and to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good.  And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.

            Genesis 1:14-19 (NASB):  Then God said, Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night, and let them be for signs and for seasons and for days and years; and let them be for lights in the expanse of the heavens to give light on the earth” and it was so.  God made the two great lights, the greater light to govern the day, and the lesser light to govern the night; He made the stars also.  God placed them in the expanse of the heavens to give light on the earth, and to govern the day and the night, and to separate the light from the darkness; and God saw that it was good.  There was evening and there was morning, a fourth day.

            Deuteronomy 4:19 (CTS):  and that upon looking up to heaven, and seeing the sun, and the moon, and the stars, and all the host of heaven, thou mayest not be led astray, and worship them, and perform religious service to those things which the Lord thy God hath arranged in due order, for all the nations which are under heaven.

            Deuteronomy 4:19 (ARAMAIC):  And lest you lift up your eyes to heaven, and when you see the sun and the moon, and the stars and all the host of heaven, should go astray and worship them and serve those things which the LORD your God has provided for all the peoples under heaven.

            Deuteronomy 4:19 (CEPHER):  And lest you lift up your eyes unto the heavens, and when you see the sun, and the moon, and the stars, even all the host of heaven, should be driven to worship them, and serve them, which Yahuah Elohayka has divided unto all nations under the whole heaven.

            Deuteronomy 4:19 (KJV):  And lest thou lift up thine eyes unto heaven, and when thou seest the sun, and the moon, and the stars, even all the host of heaven, shouldest be driven to worship them, and serve them, which the LORD thy God hath divided unto all nations under the whole heaven.

            Deuteronomy 4:19 (NASB):  And beware not to lift up your eyes to heaven, and see the sun and the moon and the stars, all the host of heaven, and be drawn away and worship them and serve them, those which the LORD your God has allotted to all the peoples under the whole heaven.

            Joshua 10:12-13 (CTS):  The Joshua spoke to the Lord, on the day God delivered up the Amorite into the hand of Israel.  When He had discomfited them at Gabaon, and they were routed before the children of Israel, Joshua said, Let the sun stand over against Gabaon, and the moon over against the valley of Ailon.  So, the sun stood still, and the moon in its station – until God executed vengeance on their enemies, the sun stood in the midst of heaven; it advanced not to the setting, to the end of a day.

            Joshua 10:12-13 (ARAMAIC):  Then spoke Joshua to the LORD on the day when the LORD delivered the Amorites to the children of Israel, and Joshua said in the sight of the children of Israel, Sun, stand thou still over Gibeon; and thou Moon, in the valley over Ajalon.  And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies.  And, behold, it is written in the Book of the Songs, So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down, about a whole day.

            Joshua 10:12-13 (CEPHER):  Then spoke Yahusha to Yahuah in the day when Yahuah delivered up the Emoriym before the children of Yashare’el, and he said in the sight of Yashar’el, Sun, stand still upon Giv’on; and you, Moon, in the valley of Ayalon.  And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies.  Is not this written in the Cepher of Yashar? So, the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hastened not to come about a whole day.

            Joshua 10:12-13 (KJV):  Then spake Joshua to the LORD in the day when the LORD delivered up the Amorites before the children of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel, Sun, stand thou still upon Gibeon; and thou, Moon, in the valley of Ajalon.  And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies.  Is not this written in the Book of Jasher?  So, the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day.

            Joshua 10:12-13 (NASB):  Then Joshua spoke to the LORD in the day when the LORD delivered up the Amorites before the sons of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel, O sun, stand still at Gibeon, and O moon in the valley of Aijalon.  So, the sun stood still, and the moon stopped, until the nation avenged themselves of their enemies.  Is it not written in the Book of Jashar?  And the sun stopped in the middle of the sky and did not hasten to go down for about a whole day.

            Judges 5:20 (CTS):  The stars from heaven were drawn up in array – from their orbits they fought against Sisara.

            Judges 5:20 (ARAMAIC):  The stars fought from their courses; they fought from heaven against Sisera by the river Kishon.

            Judges 5:20 (CEPHER):  They fought from heaven; the stars in their courses fought against Ciycera.

            Judges 5:20 (KJV):  They fought from heaven; the stars in their courses fought against Sisera.

            Judges 5:20 (NASB):  The stars fought from heaven, from their courses they fought against Sisera.

            Psalm 19:1-6 (CTS):  THE heavens declare the glory of God, and the firmament proclaimeth the work of His hands.  Day to day pronounceth a decree; and night to night proclaimeth knowledge.  Are they not speeches and are they not words, of which is not their utterance heard?  To every land their sound is gone forth: and their doctrines to the limits of the world.  In the sun, He placed His tabernacle.  And he is like a bridegroom coming forth from his chamber.  He will rejoice as a giant to run his course.  His going forth is from the summit of heave; and his course is to the summit thereof, and from his heat none can be hid.

            Psalm 19:1-6 (ARAMAIC):  THE heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament shows His handiwork.  Day after day utters speech, and night after night shows knowledge.  There is no speech nor language where their voice is not heard.  Their good news has gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world.  He has set His tabernacle in the sun among them.  And he is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber and rejoices as a strong man to run a race.  His going forth is from the end of the heaven, and his circuit unto the ends thereof; and there is nothing hid from the mist of His breath.

            Psalm 19:1-6 (CEPHER):  the HEAVENS ENUMERATE THE GLORY OF El; and the expanse shows His handywork.  Day unto day utters speech, and night unto night shows knowledge.  There is no speech nor language, where their voice is not heard.  Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world.  In them has He set a tabernacle for the sun, which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber and rejoices as a strong man to run a race.  His going forth is from the end of the heavens, and his circuit unto the ends of it: and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof.

            Psalm 19:1-6 (KJV):  THE heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth His handwork.  Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night sheweth knowledge.  There is no speech nor language, where their voice is not heard.  Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world.  In them hath He set a tabernacle for the sun, which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, and rejoiceth as a strong man to run a race.  His going forth is from the end of the heaven, and his circuit unto the ends of it: and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof.

            Psalm 19:1-6 (NASB):  The heavens are telling of the glory of God; and their expanse is declaring the work of His hands.  Day to day pours forth speech, and night to night reveals knowledge.  There is no speech, nor are there words; their voice is not heard.  Their line has gone out through all the earth, and their utterances to the end of the world.  In them, He has placed a tent for the sun, which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber; it rejoices as a strong man to run his course.  Its rising is from one end of the heavens, and its circuit to the other end of them; and there is nothing hidden from its heat.

            Psalm 136:7-9 (CTS):  to Him Who alone made the great lights: for His mercy endureth forever – the sun to rule the day: for His mercy endureth forever – the moon and the stars to rule the night; for His mercy endureth forever –

            Psalm 136:7-9 (ARAMAIC):  To Him Who made great lights; for His mercy endures forever; The sun to rule by day; for His mercy endures forever; The moon and stars to rule by night; for His mercy endures forever.

            Psalm 136:7-9 (CEPHER):  To Him that made great lights: for His mercy endures forever: The sun to rule by day: for His mercy endures forever: The moon and stars to rule by night: for His mercy endures forever.

            Psalm 136:7-9 (KJV):  To Him that made great lights: for His mercy endureth forever: The sun to rule by day: for His mercy endureth forever: The moon and stars to rule by night: for His mercy endureth forever.

            Psalm 136:7-9 (NASB):  To Him who made the great lights, for His lovingkindness is everlasting; the sun to rule by day, for His lovingkindness is everlasting, the moon and stars to rule by night, for His lovingkindness is everlasting.

            Psalm 147:4 (CTS):  He numbereth the multitudes of stars, and calleth them all by their names.

            Psalm 147:4 (ARAMAIC):  He counts the number of the stars; He calls them all by their names.

            Psalm 147:4 (CEPHER):  He tells the number of the stars; He calls them all by their names.

            Psalm 147:4 (KJV):  He telleth the number of the stars; He calleth them all by their names.

            Psalm 147:4 (NASB):  He counts the number of the stars; He gives names to all of them.

            Psalm 148:2-3 (CTS):  Praise Him all ye His angels: praise Him all ye His hosts.  Sun and Moon!  Praise Him:  praise Him all ye stars and light.

Psalm 148:3 (ARAMAIC):  Praise Him, sun and moon; praise Him, all stars and light.

            Psalm 148:3 (CEPHER):  Praise ye Him, sun and moon: praise Him, all ye stars of light.

            Psalm 148:3 (KJV):  Praise ye Him, sun and moon; praise Him, all ye stars of light.

            Psalm 148:3 (NASB):  Praise Him, sun and moon; praise Him, all stars of light!

            Ekklesiastes 1:5 (CTS):  The sun riseth and the sun setteth and cometh round to his place.

            Ekklesiastes 1:5 (ARAMAIC):  The sun rises and the sun goes down and hastens to the place where it rose that from thence it may rise again.

            Ekklesiastes 1:5 (CEPHER):  The sun also arises, and the sun goes down, and hastens to his place where he arose.

            Ekklesiastes 1:5 (KJV):  The sun also ariseth, and the sun goeth down, and hasteth to his place where he arose.

            Ekklesiastes 1:5 (NASB):  Also, the sun rises and sun sets; and hastening to its place it rises there again.

            Isaiah 13:9-10 (CTS):  For behold the remediless day of the Lord is coming – a day of wrath and indignation, to make the empire a desolation; and to destroy the sinners out of it.  For the stars of heaven – even Orion and the whole host of heaven, shall not give light; even that of the rising sun shall be darkened; and the moon shall not give her light.

            Isaiah 13:9-10 (ARAMAIC):  Behold, the day of the LORD comes, which has no remedy, cruel both with wrath and fierce anger, to make the earth a desolation; and He shall destroy the sinners thereof out of it.  For the stars of heaven and their constellations shall not give their light; the sun shall be darkened in its rising, and the moon shall not cause its light to shine.

            Isaiah 13:9-10 (CEPHER):  Behold, the day of Yahuah comes, cruel both with wrath and fierce anger, to lay the land desolate: and He shall destroy the sinners thereof out of it.  For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give their light: the sun shall be darkened in his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine.

            Isaiah 13:9-10 (KJV):  Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, cruel both with wrath and fierce anger, to lay the land desolate: and He shall destroy the sinners thereof out of it.  For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give their light: the sun shall be darkened in his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine.

            Isaiah 13:9-10 (NASB):  Behold, the day of the LORD is coming, cruel, with fury and burning anger, to make the land a desolation; and He will exterminate its sinners from it.  For the stars of heaven and their constellations will not flash forth their light; the sun will be dark when it rises, and the moon will not shed its light.

            Isaiah 34:4 (CTS):  and all the powers of the heavens shall waste away; and the heaven shall be rolled up like a scroll and all the stars shall fall like leaves from a vine and as leaves from a fig tree.

            Isaiah 34:4 (ARAMAIC):  And all the host of heaven shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll; and all their host shall fall down, as the leaf falls from off the vine and as a falling of premature figs from the fig tree.

            Isaiah 34:4 (CEPHER):  And all the host of heaven shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll: and all their host shall fall down, as the leaf falls off from the vine, and as a falling fig from the fig tree.

            Isaiah 34:4 (KJV):  And all the host of heaven shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll: and all their host shall fall down, as the leaf falleth off from the vine, and as a falling fig from the fig tree.

            Isaiah 34:4 (NASB):  And all the host of heaven will wear away, and the sky will be rolled up like a scroll; all their hosts will also wither away as a leaf withers from the vine, or as one withers from the fig tree.

            Isaiah 38:8 (CTS):  Behold, I will bring back the shadow of the steps the ten steps of the house of thy father, which the sun hath gone down.  I will bring back the sun those ten steps.  So, the sun reascended the ten steps which the shadow had gone down.

            Isaiah 38:8 (ARAMAIC):  Behold, I will bring again the shadow of the degrees, which is gone down on the sundial of Ahaz your father, ten degrees backward.  So, the shadow of the sun returned the ten degrees by which it had gone down.

            Isaiah 38:8 (CEPHER):  Behold, I will bring again the shadow of the steps, which is gone down in the sun dial of Achaz, ten steps backward.  So, the sun returned ten steps, by which steps it was gone down.

            Isaiah 38:8 (KJV):  Behold, I will bring again the shadow of the degrees, which is gone down in the sun dial of Ahaz, ten degrees backward.  So, the sun returned ten degrees, by which degrees it was gone down.

            Isaiah 38:8 (NASB):  Behold, I will cause the shadow on the stairway, which has gone down with the sun on the stairway of Ahaz, to go back ten steps.  So, the sun’s shadow went back ten steps on the stairway on which it had gone down.

            Ezekiel 32:7-8 (CTS):  And in the act of extinguishing thee, I will cover heaven and darken the stars thereof: I will veil the sun with a cloud and the moon shall not give her light; all that give light in the heaven shall be dark over thee, and I will overspread the earth with darkness, saith the Lord God,

            Ezekiel 32:7-8 (ARAMAIC):  And when I shall put the light out of you, I will cover the heavens and make the stars thereof dark; the sun shall be covered with clouds, and the moon shall not give her light.  All the luminaries which give light in heaven will I make dark over you, and set darkness upon the land, says the LORD God.

            Ezekiel 32:7-8 (CEPHER):  And when I shall put you out, I will cover the heavens, and make the stars thereof dark; I will cover the sun with a cloud, and the moon shall not give her light.  All the bright lights of heaven will I make dark over you, and set darkness upon your land, says Adonai Yahuah.

            Ezekiel 32:7-8 (KJV):  And when I shall put thee out, I will cover the heaven, and make the stars thereof dark; I will cover the sun with a cloud, and the moon shall not give her light.  All the bright lights of heaven will I make dark over thee, and set darkness upon thy land, saith the Lord GOD.

            Ezekiel 32:7-8 (NASB):  And when I extinguish you, I will cover the heavens and darken their stars; I will cover the sun with a cloud and the moon will not give its light.  All the shining lights in the heavens I will darken over you and will set darkness on your land, declares the Lord GOD.

            Daniel 8:10 (CTS):  and its greatness reached even to the host of heaven.  And there fell on the earth some of the host of heaven and some of the stars, and these were trodden down.

            Daniel 8:10 (ARAMAIC):  And it waxed great, even to the host of heaven; and it cast down some of the host and of the stars to the ground and stamped upon them.

            Daniel 8:10 (CEPHER):  And it waxed great, even to the host of heaven; and it cast down some of the host and of the stars to the ground and stamped upon them.

            Daniel 8:10 (KJV):  And it waxed great, even to the host of heaven; and it cast down some of the host and of the stars to the ground and stamped upon them.

            Daniel 8:10 (NASB):  It grew up to the host of heaven and caused some of the host and some of the stars to fall to the earth, and it trampled them down.

            Joel 2:10 (CTS):  At their presence, the earth will be confounded and the heaven shaken, and the sun and the moon will be darkened, and the stars will withdraw their light,

            Joel 2:10 (ARAMAIC):  The earth quakes before them; the heavens tremble; the sun and the moon are darkened, and the stars have withdrawn their shining.

            Joel 2:10 (CEPHER):  The earth shall quake before them; the heavens shall tremble: the sun and the moon shall be dark, and stars shall withdraw their shining:

            Joel 2:10 (KJV):  The earth shall quake before them; the heavens shall tremble: the sun and the moon shall be dark, and the stars shall withdraw their shining;

            Joel 2:10 (NASB):  Before them the earth quakes, the heavens tremble, the sun and the moon grow dark and the stars lose their brightness.

            Joel 3:15 (CTS):  The sun and the moon shall be obscured in darkness; and the stars shall withdraw their light;

            Joel 3:15 (ARAMAIC):  The sun and the moon are darkened, and the stars have withdrawn their shining.

            Joel 3:15 (CEPHER):  The sun and the moon shall be darkened, and the stars shall withdraw their shining.

            Joel 3:15 (KJV):  The sun and the moon shall be darkened, and the stars shall withdraw their shining.

            Joel 3:15 (NASB):  The sun and the moon grow dark, and the stars lose their brightness.

            Amos 5:26 (CTS):  You have indeed taken up the tent of Moloch and the star of your god Raiphan – those types of them which you have made for yourselves.  Therefore, I will remove you beyond Damascus; said the Lord, the God Whose name is the Almighty.

            Amos 5:26-27 (ARAMAIC):  But you carried the tabernacles of Malcom and Chiun your idol, the star which made a god to yourselves.  Therefore, I will cause you to go into captivity beyond Damascus, says the LORD whose name is the God of hosts.

            Amos 5:26-27 (CEPHER):  But ye have borne the tabernacle of your Molek and Kiyun your images, the star of your elohiym, which ye made to yourselves.  Therefore, will I cause you to go into captivity beyond Damascus, says Yahuah, whose name is The Elohai Tseva’oth.

            Amos 5:26-27 (KJV):  But ye have borne the tabernacle of your Moloch and Chiun your images, the star of your god, which e made to yourselves.  Therefore, will I cause you to go into captivity beyond Damascus, saith the LORD, whose name is The God of hosts.

            Amos 5:26-27 (NASB):  You also carried along Sikkuth your king and Kiyyun, your images, the star of your gods which you made for yourselves.  Therefore, I will make you go into exile beyond Damascus, says the LORD, whose name is the God of hosts.

            Habakkuk 3:11 (CTS):  The sun was lifted up, and the moon stood still in its orbit.  Thy bolts will glance for light, for a glare of the lightening of Thine arms.

            Habakkuk 3:11 (ARAMAIC):  The sun and moon stood still in their habitations; at the light of thine arrows they went, and at the shining of thy glittering spears.

            Habakkuk 3:11 (CEPHER):  The sun and moon stood still in their habitation: at the light of your arrows they went, and at the shining of your glittering spear.

            Habakkuk 3:11 (KJV):  The sun and moon stood still in their habitation: at the light of thine arrows they went, and at the shining of thy glittering spear.

             Habakkuk 3:11 (NASB):  Sun and moon stood in their places; they went away at the light of Your arrows, at the radiance of Your gleaming spear.

            Matthew 24:29 (CTNT):  Now immediately after the tribulation of those days the sun will be darkened and the moon will not give her splendor; and the stars will fall from heaven, and the heavenly powers will be shaken.

            Matthew 24:29 (ARAMAIC):  Immediately after the suffering of those days, the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light and the stars will fall from the sky and the powers of the universe will be shaken.

Matthew 24:29 (CEPHER):  Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken:

            Matthew 24:29 (KJV):  Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken:

Matthew 24:29 (NASB):  But immediately after the tribulation of those days THE SUN WILL BE DARKENED, AND MOON WILL NOT GIVE ITS LIGHT, AND THE STARS WILL FALL from the sky, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken.

Acts 7:43 (CTNT):  You have indeed taken up the tabernacle of Moloch and the star of your God Remphan – those types which you have made to worship them; therefore, I will transport you beyond Babylon.

            Acts 7:43 (ARAMAIC):  Indeed, you have borne the tabernacle of Malcom and the star of the god Derphan; and you have made images to worship them; therefore, I will remove you beyond Babylon.

            Acts 7:43 (CEPHER):  Yes, ye took up the tabernacle of Molek, and the star of your elohiym Remphan, figures which ye made to worship them: and I will carry you away beyond Babel.

            Acts 7:43 (KJV):  YEA, YE TOOK UP THE TABERNACLE OF MOLOCH, AND THE STAR OF YOUR GOD REMPHAN, FIGURES WHICH YE MADE TO WORSHIP THEM: AND I WILL CARRY YOU AWAY BEYOND BABYLON.

            Acts 7:43 (NASB):  YOU ALSO TOOK ALONG THE TABERNACLE OF MOLOCH AND THE STAR OF THE GOD POMPHA, THE IMAGES WHICH YOU MADE TO WORSHIP.  I ALSO WILL REMOVE YOU BEYOND BABYLON.

            1 Corinthians 15:41 (CTNT):  The glory of the sun is of one kind; and the glory of the moon, of another; and the glory of the stars is different: one star differeth from another in glory.

            1 Corinthians 15:41 (ARAMAIC):  There is one glory of the sun and another glory of the moon and another glory of the stars; for one star differs from another star in glory.

            1 Corinthians 15:41 (CEPHER):  There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars: for one star differs from another star in glory.

            1 Corinthians 15:41 (KJV):  There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars: for one star differeth from another star in glory.

            1 Corinthians 15:41 (NASB):  There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars; for star differs from star in glory.

            2 Peter 3:10 (CTNT):  Now the day of the Lord will come, as a thief at night, when the heavens with a crashing roar shall pass away, and the elements shall be dissolved by fire, and the earth, and all the works thereon, shall be burned up.

            2 Peter 3:10 (ARAMAIC):  But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night, when the heavens shall suddenly pass away and the elements shall separate as they burn, and the earth also and the works that are in it shall not be found.

            2 Peter 3:10 (CEPHER):  But the day of Yahuah will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up.

            2 Peter 3:10 (KJV):  But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up.

            2 Peter 3:10 (NASB):  But the day of the Lord will come like a thief, in which the heavens will pass away with a roar and the elements will be destroyed with intense heat, and the earth and its works will be burned up.

            Revelation 1:20 (CTNT):  With respect to the hidden meaning of the seven stars which thou sawest in My right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks; the seven stars are ethe angels of the seven congregations and the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven congregations.

            Revelation 1:20 (ARAMAIC):  The mystery of the seven stars which you saw in My right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks.  The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches and the seven candlesticks are the seven churches.

Revelation 1:20 (CEPHER):  The mystery of the seven stars which you saw in My right hand, and the seven golden menorahs.  The seven stars are the angels of the seven called out assemblies: and the seven menorahs which you saw are the seven called out assemblies.

Revelation 1:20 (KJV):  The mystery of the seven stars which thou sawest in My right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks.  The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches: and the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches.

Revelation 1:20 (NASB):  As for the mystery of the seven stars which you saw in My right hand, and the seven golden lampstands: the seven stars are the angels of the seven churches, and the seven lampstands are the seven churches.

Revelation 6:13 (CTNT):  And the sun became black as sackcloth made of hair; and the moon was like blood; and the stars of heaven fell on the earth as a fig tree sheddeth its unripe figs when it is shaken by a mighty wind;

            Revelation 6:13 (ARAMAIC):  And the stars of heaven fell to the earth, even as a fig tree casts its green figs when it is shaken by a mighty wind.

            Revelation 6:13 (CEPHER):  And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casts her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind.

            Revelation 6:14 (KJV):  And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind.

            Revelation 6:13 (NASB):  and the stars of the sky fell to the earth, as a fig tree casts its unripe figs when shaken by a great wind.

            Revelation 8:10-12 (CTNT):  And the third angel sounded; and there fell from heaven a great star blazing like a torch; and it fell upon the third part of the rivers and on the fountains of the waters.  (Now the name of the star is called wormwood.)  And the third part of the waters became wormwood; and many of the men died of the waters because they were made bitter.  And the fourth angel sounded; and the third part of the sun, and third part of the moon, and the third part of the stars were smitten, so that the third part of them were darkened and the day did not shine the third part of it and in like manner the night.

            Revelation 8:10-12 (ARAMAIC):  And the third angel sounded, and there fell a star from heaven, burning as though it were a lamp, and it fell upon the third part of the rivers and upon the fountains of waters; and the name of the star is called Wormwood; and third part of the waters became wormwood; and many men died of the waters, because they were made bitter.  And the fourth angel sounded, and third part of the sun was eclipsed and the part of the moon and the third part of the stars, so that the third part of them was darkened, and the day was darkened for a third part of it, and the night likewise.

            Revelation 8:10-12 (CEPHER):  And the third angel sounded, and there fell a great star from heaven, burning as it were a lamp, and it fell upon the their part of the rivers, and upon the fountains of waters; and the name of the star is called Wormwood: and the third part of the waters became wormwood; and many men died of the waters, because they were made bitter.  And the fourth angel sounded and the third part of the sun was smitten, and the third part of the moon, and third part of the stars; so as the third part of them was darkened, and the day shone not for a third part of it, and the night likewise.

            Revelation 8:10-12 (KJV):  And the third angel sounded, and there fell a great star from heaven, burning as it were a lamp, and it fell upon the third part of the rivers, and upon the fountains of waters: and the name of the star is called Wormwood: and the third part of the waters became wormwood; and many men, died of the waters, because they were made bitter.  And the fourth angel sounded, and the third part of the sun was smitten, and the third part of the moon, and third part of the stars; so as the third part of them was darkened, and the day shone not for a third part of it, and the night likewise.

            Revelation 8:10-12 (NASB):  The third angel sounded, and a great star fell from heaven, burning like a torch, and it fell on a third of the rivers and on the springs of waters.  The name of the star is called Wormwood; and a third of the waters became wormwood, and many men died from the waters, because they were made bitter.  The fourth angel sounded, and a third of the sun and a third of the moon and a third of the stars were struck, so that a third of them would be darkened and the day would not shine for a third of it, and the night in the same way.

            Revelation 9:1 (CTNT):  And when the fifth angel sounded, I saw a star fallen from heaven on the earth.  And to it was given the key of the pit of the bottomless gulf, and it opened the pit of the bottomless gulf;           

            Revelation 9:1 (ARAMAIC):  AND the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star fall from heaven upon the earth; and to him was given the key of the bottomless pit.

            Revelation 9:1 (CEPHER):  AND the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star fall from heaven unto the earth: and to him was given the key of the bottomless pit.

            Revelation 9:1 (KJV):  AND the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star fall from heaven unto the earth: and to him was given the key of the bottomless pit.

            Revelation 9:1 (NASB):  Then the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star from heaven which had fallen to the earth; and the key of the bottomless pit was given to him.

            Revelation 12:4 (CTNT):  and his tail dragged the third part of the stars of heaven and threw them on the earth.  And the dragon stood before the woman who was in labor, that when she brought forth he might devour the child.

            Revelation 12:4 (ARAMAIC):  And his tail cut off a third of the stars of heaven and cast them to the earth; and the dragon stood before the woman who was ready to be delivered, so as to devour her child as soon as it was born.

            Revelation 12:4 (CEPHER):  And his tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven and did cast them to the earth: and the dragon stood before ethe woman which as ready to be delivered, for to devour her child as soon as it was born.

            Revelation 12:4 (KJV):  And his tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven and did cast them to the earth: and the dragon stood before the woman, which was ready to be delivered, for to devour her child as soon as it was born.

            Revelation 12:4 (NASB):  And his tail swept away a third of the stars of heaven and threw them to the earth.  And the dragon stood before the woman who was about to give birth, so that when she gave birth he might devour her child.

            And, of course, there is The Book of Enoch from the Ethiopic[7], which fills in all the gaps with regard to the Book of Genesis.

Remember what Aristotle said, It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it.

            Also remember what Herbert Spencer said as well, There is a principle which is a bar against all information, which is a proof against all argument, and which cannot fail to keep a man in everlasting ignorance – that principle is condemnation before investigation.

[1]. Charles Thomson, The Septuagint Bible (Philadelphia, PA: Jane Aitken, 1808).

[2]. Charles Thomson, The Testament Translated from The Greek (Philadephia, PA: Jane Aitken, 1808).

[3]. George M. Lamsa, Holy Bible from the Ancient Eastern Text – George M. Lamsa’s Translation from the Aramaic of the Peshitta (New York, NY: Harper Collins Publishers, 1933).

[4]. Cepher (Everett, WA: Cepher Publishing Group, LLC, 2020).

[5]. The Open Bible Authorized King James Version (Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson, 1985).

[6]. New American Standard Bible (Anaheim, CA: Foundation Publications,, 1996).

[7]. Richard Laurence, The Book of Enoch from the Ethiopic (Muskogee, OK: Artisan Publishers, 1821).